Urinary leakage affects millions of women. We can count about one in ten women affected by this disease. Contrary to what some people might think, incontinence can happen at any age. There are also different types of incontinence and it can happen unexpectedly day or night. On the other hand, it is a disabling disease. To be able to live normally, solutions exist. Indeed, we can treat the urinary leakage with an intervention or a treatment, according to the pathology.
What is urinary incontinence?
Incontinence or urinary leakage is a condition characterized by an accidental loss of urine occurring outside of urination. There are different types of urine leakage:
The different causes of incontinence
Menopause and aging are the main causes of urinary incontinence. They lead to a blockage on the urethra. Older women may have prolapse of the uterus or vagina and enlargement in some men. With age, the controlling muscles weaken. The second cause is the weakening of the pelvic floor. Why ? Following a difficult delivery or pregnancy, due to genital prolapse or surgery of the small pelvis. Urinary tract infection and obesity are also causes of urine leakage, not to mention alcohol and tobacco addiction and respiratory illnesses.
Incontinence: the proposed solutions
When consulting a doctor, he will ask the patient to specify the frequency and intensity of his urine leakage. He will thus search for the origin of the disease. As a function, he can propose an urodynamic exploration allowing the suffering person to better understand the severity of the pressures that his bladder is undergoing. The first solution is to wear protective underwear, including Puralya period panties. On the other hand, there are some medications like duloxetine that have been shown to work in the past, especially if the leak occurs when you play sports or are under stress.
But one of the solutions most appreciated by patients is perineal rehabilitation. It is usually prescribed for women who have just given birth. The goal of this treatment is to restore the strength of the pelvic muscles deprived by pregnancy. The patient's sexuality is also improved and this solution prevents her from prolapse. Therefore, during your postnatal check-up, your caregiver will assess whether your pelvic muscles are toned or not. If he notices any abnormality, he will suggest a few sessions of perineal rehabilitation. It also lets you know whether or not you can exercise until the muscles in your perineum are well restored and strengthened. The first sessions of the treatment must be done by a physiotherapist. But with muscle electrostimulation, you can continue the rehabilitation at home. But first, learn to use the muscle stimulation device.
If both treatments have not given positive results, surgery may be considered. It consists of replacing, enlarging and removing the bladder. For those who have a dysfunctional sphincter, the surgeon may place an artificial one.